Julian Cope presents JAPROCKSAMPLER.COM

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Toshi Ichiyanagi
Yuji Takahashi
Joji Yuasa
Hiraki Hiyashi
Minao Shibata
Yoriaki Matsudaira
Toru Takemitsu

Transonic was a forward-thinking union of avant-garde artists, who formed in 1973, in order to discuss and promote their music better.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
Yuya Utchida is one of the most important figures in post-war japanese music. His story unfolds throughout the length of Japrocksampler.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
As a playwright, director and avant-garde dramatist, Shuji Terayama was one of the most important and creative of all post war Japanese artists. His Wikipedia entry is considerable, and should be consulted.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
Led by one time saxophonist, Group Ongaku member and experimental composer Yasunao Tone, Team Random was Japan’s first computer art group. This collective programmed Univac mainframes in order to perform Tone’s own compositions. Team Random was the organisation behind the first computer art festival in 1966, entitled BIOGODE PROCESS MUSIC FESTIVAL.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
The story of Shuji Terayama's Tenjo Sajiki theatre company is told in detail in Chapter 10 of Japrocksampler.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
Working alongside Toshiro Mayuzumi, and highly-influenced by composers such as Iannis Xenakis and John Cage, Toru Takemitsu was at the forefront of the Japanese avant-garde.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
The brilliant pianist and composer Yuji Takahashi first emerged on to the world’s stage at a Nippon Broadcasting modern music festival, at the beginning of 1961, when his last minute substituation for the scheduled soloist caused a sensation. Viewed as ‘a leading exponent of new piano music’, Takahashi is – along with David Tudor and Alfons Kontarsky - still regarded as one of the few pianists able to navigate his way through the weight of difficult modern music that emerged over the past forty years. After that sensational debut, Takahashi was asked to premier ‘Piano Distance’ by Toru Takemitsu, and used his new found position to commission a piano piece entitled ‘Herma’ from the composer Iannis Xenakis, who was working in Japan throughout 1961. Friends of Xenakis scolded the Greek composer for writing such a difficult piece, and a couple of them suggested that it would only be achievable played as a duet. Xenakis relayed their fears to Takahashi, who admitted that ‘Herma’ had at first presented him with problems, but that he had persevered and could now play it from memory. Born in Tokyo, in 1938, where he studied composition under Minao Shibata and Roh Ogura, it was with master pianist Hiriohi Ito that Takahashi had learned such monumental dedication to his musicianship. Takahashi, thereafter, organized The New Directions music ensemble with fellow composers Toshi Ichiyanagi and Kenji Kobayashi, and, in 1962, debuted the radical and seethingly amorhhous Xenakis piece that Takahashi himself had commissioned, along with Toru Takemitsu’s ‘Corona’, plus one of his own compositions. The untitled piece for electronics and twelve instruments was rapturously received. These successes of 1961-2 led Takahashi to a Ford Foundation sponsorship, and he thereafter studied in Berlin with Iannis Xenakis until 1965, continuing on to New York in 1966, where he composed computer music, funded by a J. D. Rockerfeller grant. That same year, Takahashi lectured and performed in New York at the UNESCO International Music Council Congress, and was, throughout 1967, a soloist for the New York Philharmonic, Boston Symphony, San Francisco Symphony and Toronto Symphony orchestras, as well as giving solo recitals in Athens, Stockholm, Paris, Amsterdam and Los Angeles. Still residing in the USA, Takahashi once more gave a lecture and performance for UNESCO, in the Philipino capital of Manila in 1968, also returning to Japan briefly for the EXPO ’70 in Osaka. In 1971, Takahashi was invited to teach at San Francisco’s Conservatory of Music. While lecturing here, he performed three of his electronic works - ‘Time’, ‘Yeguen’ and ‘Bridges’ - at the informal BRING YOUR OWN PILLOW concert series. Takahashi returned to Japan in 1972, where he settled, and began the composer’ group TranSonic with Toru Takemitsu, Toshi Ichiyanagi, Hiraki Hiyashi, Minao Shibata, Yoriaki Matsudaira and
one time Fluxus associate Joji Yuasa. Organisation, performance and an increasing politcal awareness took up most of Takahashi’s time, and he wrote a special protest piece entitled ‘For You I Sing This Song’ for America’s 1976 Bicentennial, which he dedicated in his introduction:

“…to the people’s struggle against oppression inside and outside America. The first movement is based on a Vietnamese song, in which young women address the Liberation Fighters against American aggression; the second movement is from “Rise Up, Boricua”, a song for the independence of Puerto Rico; the third movement is based on a song sung by Navajo women to sustain hope after their capitulation to Kit Carson in 1864”.

Takahashi’s increasingly left-wing leanings brought him into dealings with such composers as Cornelius Cardew, Christian Wolff and Frederic Rzewski, whose song ‘The People United Will Never Be defeated’ Takahashi performed throughout the 1970s at political rallies, during speeches, and to trade unionists and various workers’ organizations. However, Takahishi was disappointed in the autumn of 1980, when his composition ‘Kwangju, May 1980’, a piece composed as a memorial to those hundred of civilians recently slain by the pro-US dictator Chun Doo-whan during the uprising in Kwangju, was deemed ‘not militant enough’. Takahashi took the criticism in his stride, and even altered sections to suit the occasion better. But he was determined, thereafter, to widen his playing and compositional horizons, and during the next decades worked on everything from large modern European-influenced orchestral works to entirely computerized works, via performances of ancient music played by a soloist on the Japanese sho (mouth organ). During the 1980s, Takahashi performed Asian protest songs with The Suigyu band (named for the water buffalo), translated a book by Iannis Xenakis into Japanese, as well as recording music by Messiaen, Earle Brown, Bach and two volumes of Erik Satie’s music. Takahashi continued his quest throughout the ‘90s into the 21st Century, believing that no performance is ever completely correct or completely incorrect, but that: “Every performance is a questioning”. And, when asked by his friend and biographer Thomas Schultz about the wider implications of his life’s work, Yuji Takahashi stated:

“I think there is a time when one has to do certain things, not only in life, but also in music. In the 1960s, I was one of very few pianists in Europe who played Xenakis, Boulez, Messiaen and Cage. I translated and published Xenakis' book, Maceda's book, introduced Gubaidulina to Japan. Now other people take over. I consider myself a pioneer. As Mao the poet said in his "Ode to the Plum Tree": "not competing for spring/ only calling that it is coming/when mountain flowers are in full bloom/be among them smiling". Now many people play them so I don't have to do those works anymore. It should be so - music will be passed to the new generation. If the same people had continued to play the same music, those works would not survive.”
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
Reputedly a singer of melancholic folk songs, I've never heard this artist. However, Takashi released one LP in 1973.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
Takayanagi Masayuki – guitar
Motoharu Yoshizara - bass
Kenji Mori – reeds
Joe Mizuki – drums
(later replaced by Hiroshi Yamazaki – drums)

The guitarist Masayuki Takayanagi was one of those extreme mavericks who combined virtuoso playing and extreme grasp of musical theory with radically atonal freerock amp destruction, inspiring and pissing off contemporaries throughout the entirety of his forty year career. Indeed, he was notably ostracised by the jazz community in the late-60s for having described them as ‘a bunch of losers’ in the press. When he discovered free jazz in 1969, however, Takayanagi's music moved into truly stellar territory. Although his work is discussed briefly in Chapter 11 of Japrocksampler, what Takayanagi's career needs is a full-on in-depth overview and re-excavation by someone of the calibre of David Keenan.
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007
(See Book Two, Chapter Five)

Takehisa Kosugi – electric violin, harmonica, voice
Ryo Koike – electric double bass, suntool, voice
Yukio Tsuchiya – bass tuba, percussion
Seiji Nagai – trumpet, Mini Korg synthesizer, timpani
Michihiro Kimura – voice, percussion, mandolin, hand-made instrument, tree branch
Tokio Hasegawa – voice, percussion
Kinji Hayashi – electronic technique
Posted by Julian Cope, Sep 01, 2007